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What is the Process of Pressing Sheet Metal?


For most people, the term "stamping" conjures images of postage or pressing a rubber stamp onto paper with an ink pad. On the other hand, stamping conjures images of massive, forceful gear that may irreversibly transform metal for producers. This sheet metal pressing machine can weigh thousands of pounds. As a general term, "stamping" in manufacturing often denotes the tools and techniques used for stamping sheet metal.

How Does Sheet Metal Pressing Process Work?

As a kind of cold forming, metal stamping permanently changes the shape of metal by applying tremendous force and/or speed. The material used in the sheet metal pressing process is itself sheet metal. Metal stamping machines are often used for metal sheets, although they may also handle metal wires and shapes. This method is called "pressing" in some quarters.


A metal stamping machine's fundamental principle is straightforward: you place a big tool and die into a machine that can swiftly apply many tons of force, then press the metal into the form you need. The usual capabilities of a sheet metal stamping machine include the following operations:

Metal Flattening

Flattening a metal piece is one of the most fundamental stamping machine processes. This may also be used to make an item thinner or smooth it out for various reasons.

Swaging Rounded Metal

This procedure is often used for wires rather than sheet metal pressing process. However, it is comparable to flattening in that it thins down the workpiece. One end of the wire is swaged to make it thinner to be more readily inserted into a hole.

Piercing Metal

Sheet metal stamping machines can penetrate metal to its very core rather than just flattening it. This creates holes that may be filled with other pieces of work to form a connection.

Metal Coining

The sheet metal pressing machine's tool and die allow the metal to be pressed into a precise form, like a coin, instead of being punched.

Machines that employ sheet metal stamping often feature very strong motors to apply the necessary force while working with cold, non-moldable metal.

Steps of Sheet Metal Pressing Process

A significant amount of work must be done during the design process before pressing. To make precise drawings of the component, engineers and designers collaborate and often use computer-aided design (CAD) software. After that, you may make any required revisions to the design and verify its viability using a prototype.

Metal Sheet Preparation and Cutting

The metal sheet is shaped when the design is complete. Some techniques can do this, including laser cutting, water jet cutting, and more conventional mechanical cutting. After that, all sharp edges are deburred to smooth the pressing surface.

Pressing the Material

Metal pressing and forming are done next using a sheet metal pressing machine is the crux of the pressing process. Mechanics, hydraulics, and pneumatics are the three main categories of press machines. Considerations such as the part's intricacy and the metal's properties will dictate the final decision.


Here, a press and a punch shape the metal sheet. The die's cavity is shaped to fit the intended object, and the punch is lowered to exert pressure, forcing the metal into the die. Depending on the design's complexity, this procedure might be done in one step or numerous phases.

Bending and Forming

When pressing, bending, and shaping are common steps. The difference between metal pressing and forming is that the former changes the metal sheet at an angle while the latter makes more complicated reshapings, such as a rounded surface. Specialized equipment and machinery are used to do these tasks, guaranteeing accuracy and reliability.

Thermal Processing

Some metals may be heated after pressing. The metal undergoes regulated heating and cooling to enhance its qualities, such as strength and durability. Metals subjected to high stress or heat levels in their ultimate use must undergo heat treatment.

Final Details

After pressing, the components usually need some final polishing. Painting, powder coating, and plating are surface treatments that may be used to improve the look and provide corrosion protection. To ensure the item is up to grade, we also run it through a battery of quality testing.


Lastly, it's common for the pressed pieces to be assembled with other parts. Welding, bolting, or adhesives link them to other parts. The assembly process is vital in fields where many sheet metal components are combined to create a working whole, such as the automobile and aerospace industries.

Advantages of Sheet Metal Stamping

Small secondary procedures or waiting for the work piece to cool are required with this cold-metal pressing and forming technique, which is a benefit.


By bending metal instead of cutting it, manufacturing waste may be reduced, particularly during piercing operations. Piercing using a sheet metal pressing machine creates holes in sheet metal without removing any material, unlike traditional methods that involve cutting away a piece of metal.


Are you looking for a reliable manufacturer of sheet metal pressing machines? Yingxin World Press Machine Company is your answer! Contact us for more details

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