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What is Hydraulic Shearing Machine?



A hydraulic shearing machine, often termed as a hydraulic sheet cutting machine or a plate shearing machine, is a robust piece of industrial equipment designed to cut various types of metal sheets. It's an indispensable tool in the metal fabrication industry, being used extensively in diverse fields like automobile, aircraft, and even in small-scale metalworking tasks.

This machine operates on the principle of hydraulic pressure, with the mechanical force of the hydraulic system transforming into the shearing action. The hydraulic shearing machine's primary function is to cut the metal into specific sizes and lengths based on the requirements of the fabrication process.

How Does a Hydraulic Shearing Machine Work?

The functionality of a hydraulic sheet cutting machine revolves around a simple yet efficient hydraulic mechanism. This involves a motor, hydraulic oil, hydraulic pump, high-pressure output devices, and a set of shearing blades.


When the machine is switched on, the motor initiates the hydraulic pump, which circulates hydraulic oil under pressure. This high-pressure oil propels the movement of the pistons connected to the upper blade of the machine. As the piston moves, it drives the upper blade down with significant force onto the lower blade, causing the metal sheet placed between them to be sheared.


This hydraulic action provides a substantial advantage over manual or mechanically driven shearing machines. It allows the hydraulic shearing machine to deliver consistent force throughout the cutting process, ensuring precise, clean cuts every time. Moreover, the hydraulic system can easily handle heavier workloads and thicker metal sheets that would otherwise be challenging for manual or mechanical systems.

Hydraulic Shearing Machine

Hydraulic Shearing Machine

How Many Distinct Varieties of Hydraulic Shearing Equipment Are There?

When you consider the wide range of hydraulic shearing machines that can be purchased, you can see how adaptable this tool truly is. There are three primary kinds, and they are the guillotine, the swing beam, and the alligator shears.

Guillotine Shears

The guillotine shear is the most popular type of hydraulic sheet cutting machine in the metalworking industry. It cuts like a paper cutter, with the upper blade moving vertically downward. For straight cuts, the cut length can span the entire length of the machine.

Swing Beam Shears

The swing beam shearing machine works by rotating and swinging the cutting beam. The shearing force can be reduced by having the higher blade swing down in an arc onto the lower blade. This tool's reduced blade wear makes it ideal for shearing thicker materials.

Alligator Shears

Aptly named for their resemblance to an alligator's jaw, these hydraulic sheet cutting machine are used for cutting oversized pieces of scrap metal. The design of the machine allows it to handle irregularly shaped pieces of metal with ease.

 Let's explore the diverse array of shearing machines available:

● Guillotine Shear or Plate Shear: Employs a back-and-forth linear motion between two blades to cut sheet metal.

● Hand Guillotine Shear or Hand Plate Shear: Operated manually, these shears are ideal for smaller tasks.

● Pivot Blade Shear or Swing Beam Shear: The upper blade carrier swings around a pivot point in these shears.

● Hydraulic Pivot Blade Shear or Hydraulic Swing Beam Shear: These are swing beam shears that are powered by a hydraulic system.

● Multi-Strip Slitter or Coil Slitting Shear: These use multiple disc scissors to cut a metal coil into strips of the desired width.

● Multi-Band Slitter or Sheet Slitting Shear: These also use multiple disc scissors to cut a metal plate into the desired width strips.

● Nibbling Machine: This machine gradually shapes plates into any desired form.

● Circular Shear or Rotary Shear: Utilizes a pair of rotary blades to cut plates in straight or curved lines.

● Universal Ironworker for Punch, Bar, and Section Shear: A dual-function machine for punching and cutting.

● Universal Ironworker for Plate and Section Shear: This dual-function machine is designed for metal plate punching and cutting.

● Universal Ironworker for Punch, Plate, Bar, and Section Shear: A versatile machine with three functions: plate punching, plate shearing, and section shearing.

● Universal Ironworker for Punch, Plate, Bar, and Section Shear, Notching: A four-function machine for plate punching, plate shearing, section shearing, and notching.

● Billet Shear or Section Steel Shear: These specialized shearing machines are designed for steel sections.

● Bar Shear: These are specially designed for bar materials.

● Alligator Shear: The alligator shear's upper blade moves in a scissor-like motion.

● Reinforcing Bar Shear: A specialized shearing machine for reinforcing bars.

● Precision Bar Shear: This is designed for the precise shearing of bars.

● Ingot Shear: This is a special shearing machine for billets.

Each of these plate shearing machine has its unique functionalities, making them suitable for a variety of applications in the metal fabrication industry.

How to Choose the Right Hydraulic Shearing Machine for Your Needs?

When selecting a plate shearing machine, several factors come into play. Here are some crucial considerations to help you choose the right machine for your needs.

Material Type and Thickness: The type and thickness of the material you intend to cut significantly influence the choice of machine. Thicker and harder materials need machines with higher shearing force.


Cutting Length: The length of the cut you require determines the machine's size. If you regularly need to cut across large sheets of metal, choose a machine with a longer blade.


Operation Complexity: If your work involves complex cuts, you might need a more advanced machine, possibly with CNC controls, to achieve the desired accuracy and precision.


Budget: Hydraulic shearing machines can range widely in cost, depending on their capabilities. It's essential to balance your needs with your budget when making a selection.


Safety Features: Ensure the hydraulic sheet cutting machine has adequate safety features, such as emergency stop buttons, finger guards, and light curtains.

Hydraulic Shearing Machines: Great Potential and Power

When it comes to cutting metal, no other tool can equal the precision, efficiency, and adaptability of a hydraulic shearing machine. A high degree of efficiency and output can be achieved in the workshop with the help of the suitable machine. Hydraulic shearing machines provide the force and potential required for shearing metal sheets and heavy-duty plates.

If you are looking to purchase your plate shearing machine, there is no better place than World Precise Machinery. We’re professional manufacturers and provide you with accurate deliveries.

For more information: https://www.pressmachine-world.com/hydraulic-shearing-machine

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